Do not stay with the doubt, is it “extinct” or “extinct”? – Teach me about Science

Do you say “extinct” or “extinct”?

In social networks frequent these discussions. Many times you read corrections like: it says “extinct” not “extinct”. In a way with other similar words, taking into account the verbs that have a double participle, the spellings printed, fried and supplied they are fully correct. It is also extinct, although there are considerations and differences to take into account.

Is it “extinct” or “extinct”? According to the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), both forms are valid as an adjective, while only “extinct” is accepted as a participle. Let’s look at some examples to distinguish it better.

  • extinct animal / extinct animal
  • Extinct species / Extinct species
  • Several species of animals have become extinct.

The RAE made the clarification also on Twitter:

Both ways can be valid. With adjectival value, «extinct» or «extinct» can be used: «extinct/extinct animal». As a participle, only “extinct” is used: “Several species have become extinct.”

See below for the meanings of extinct, ta:
  1. Which is extinct. Extinct species, languages, civilizations.
  2. Said of a person: dead (‖ that is lifeless).
See below for the meanings of extinguish:
  1. Cause the fire or light to cease.
  2. To cause certain things that gradually disappear to cease or end altogether. Extinguish a sound, an affection, a life.
  3. Said of a term or a right: finish, expire.

On the other hand, the only verbs that in the current language have two participles are:

  • To print: printed/printed
  • fry: fried/fried
  • provide: provided/provided
Here is an example for each case:
  • We have printed twenty copies / They had printed the copies on photographic paper.
  • We have provided ourselves with everything necessary / He had provided himself with abundant provisions.
  • The dumplings have to be fried two hours before / I had never fried an egg.

Does this mean that it is valid to say fried Y fried? Yes, both forms are correct because the verb fry It has two participles, one regular and one irregular.

Next, see the meanings for the verb to fry:
  1. To make a raw food ready to be eaten by having it for the necessary time in boiling oil or fat.
  2. He mortifies heavily and insistently.

Can you also say “printed instead of printed”? Both “printed” and “printed” are valid options. According to the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE), «the verb to print has two participles, both equally correct: printed is documented from the 13th century and printed from the 15th. They are considered valid because both are documented in cultured use.

The RAE explains that the two participles can be used interchangeably in the formation of compound tenses and the periphrastic passive, although the preference for one form or another varies in each case. The Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of Doubts delves into these

According to the RAE dictionary, these are the meanings of the verb to print:
  1. Mark letters and other graphic characters on paper or other material using appropriate procedures.
  2. Make a printed work.
  3. To stamp a stamp or something else on paper, cloth, or dough by means of pressure.
  4. Fix in the spirit some affection, idea, feeling, etc.
  5. To give a certain characteristic, style, etc., to something.
According to the RAE dictionary, these are the meanings of the irregular participle of printed:
  1. Printed book, brochure or sheet.
  2. Printed sheet or sheets with blank spaces to fill in when carrying out procedures.
  3. Printed postal object, which is issued under special postage and distribution conditions.

Share science, share knowledge.